Prospects of demographic dividend in the Philippines and key lessons from East Asia’s experience

[Note: This article was published by IBON on 4 April 2021]

Figure 1. Philippine population pyramids in 2000, 2020 (present), and 2040. Twenty years from now, the Philippine population will be twice as large as it was 20 years ago, but the key difference lies in the composition of our population: while the number of young dependents (aged 0–14) will not have much grown much, by 2040 there will be twice as many working-age people (aged 15–64) as there were in 2000. Data Source: 2000 Census of Population & Housing; Philippine Statistics Authority, 2010 Census-based population projections (medium assumption).

At the turn of the millennium, there were about 28 million Filipinos aged 0–14 who depended on 45 million people of working ages. By 2040, the number of young people will be 31 million — not much of a change, really — but our working-age population will have grown to 92 million by then: twice as large as it was 20 years ago.

This is the source of much excitement for the “demographic dividend”, a rather intimidating term that is quickly becoming a buzzword in the Philippines’ mainstream development…

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Online polls have become a very convenient and popular strategy for gathering data. After all, online survey forms are easy to create, with the help of free applications such as Google Forms and Survey Monkey. They do not require a sampling frame, which is almost impossible to obtain anyway. The internet’s blanket of anonymity and the absence of a human interviewer, such as in grievance or feedback forms, may also encourage respondents to be more vocal about their opinions. Online surveys can reach unique and hesitant populations for more sensitive topics such as health, sexuality, and religion (Wright, 2017). …

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One of my most cherished childhood photos with my brother and sister, plus our fighting pets.

“Only you know what this means.”

The manggagamot, a young Masbatena in her early 30s, gave me a sinister look and pointed to what looked like an umbilical cord, which extended from the object formed out of melting the candle. I looked at my parents, perplexed and ashamed for no clear reason. What of all my secrets could match the faith healer’s interpretation of the thing: an angel, she said, but which also resembled a praying fetus?

I was already feeling uneasy. The manggagamot was, of course, insinuating that my deepest secret was a child of my own, and my…

Sanny Domingo Afable

Hi. I am a researcher by profession and a frustrated writer at heart. I believe in the necessity of the revolution and the power of post-coffee naps.

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